Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain. Causes include falls, vehicle collisions, and violence. Brain trauma occurs as a consequence of a sudden acceleration or deceleration within the cranium or by a complex combination of both movement and sudden impact.
- TBI is one of two subsets of acquired brain injury (brain damage that occur after birth); the other subset is non-traumatic brain injury, which does not involve external mechanical force (examples include stroke and infection).
- IDEA’s definition of Traumatic Brain Injury: “…an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psycho-social behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.” [34 Code of Federal Regulations §300.7(c)(12)]
- The terms head injury and brain injury are often used interchangeably.
- TBI is present in 85% of traumatically injured children, either alone or with other injuries.
- Returning to School After Traumatic Brain Injury [gdrts_stars_rating type=”counselor1stop.resources” id= 20132 ]
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